Spanish studio Takk took inspiration from tightly stacked Russian dolls for the interior renovation of this Barcelona apartment. This apartment features rooms adjacent to each other to maximize insulation.
Called 10K House, this 50 square meter apartment was renovated by Takk using a material budget of just €10,000, with the aim of updating the house to be as sustainable as possible.
The project was brought about by concerns about climate change as well as the global energy crisis facing homeowners and renters.
Tuck said the rooms were arranged across one open level and built “inside each other” to mimic the layers of an onion, with the rooms that needed the most heat placed in the center of the apartment.
“So the heat emitted by us, our pets and our appliances has to pass through more walls to reach the outside,” lead architects Mireia Lusaraga and Alejandro Muinho told Dezeen. Told.
“If we place spaces that need more heat, such as the room where we sleep, in the center of the matryoshka, [a Russian doll] It turns out that the structure of the house itself helps maintain the temperature, so the need for heating should be reduced. ”
“The result was a kind of labyrinth that combined multiple perspectives,” explained the architects, who designed the project for a single client.
Recycled table legs were used to elevate these constructed rooms, allowing water pipes and appliances to pass freely through them without creating grooves in the walls, reducing overall costs. .
For example, the raised central bedroom is clad in a lattice frame of medium density fibreboard (MDF), surrounded by slabs of local wool. It is a practical and inexpensive material used throughout the interior.
“Although it is a small apartment, it is very intricately designed so that you never get bored with the space,” say Lazaraga and Muinho.
After demolishing the apartment’s existing internal layout, Tuck chose not to apply expensive, carbon-intensive coatings to the floors and walls.
Rather, the architects scrubbed the space clean, leaving visible traces of previous partitions and demolished light fixtures, giving the apartment a raw look and preserving reminders of the original floor plan.
The kitchen is located in the most open part of the 10K house and features wooden geometric cabinetry and an exposed metal sink.
The open kitchen is meant to function as a “gender-neutral” facility and address common stereotypes about domestic work, the architects said.
“Traditionally, the kitchen has been understood as a space primarily used by women, whether they own the house or do household chores,” Lusaraga and Muinho recall.
“This means that [historically] This space is relegated to a secondary area of the home, especially in small homes, where it is poorly lit and ventilated. ”
“One way to combat this is to locate kitchens in more open spaces so that anyone, regardless of gender, can take on this type of work,” they added.
The home was constructed using CNC milled components that were cut and assembled using standard screws before arriving on site.
Takk chose this method to encourage DIY in building the house, providing his clients with small instructions that allow them to assemble each part of the apartment “as if they were building it themselves.” [the apartment] It was furniture. ”
10K House is based on a previous project by an architecture studio called The Day After House and features similar “open-minded” design principles, Luzaraga and Muinho said.
The architects, who are also a married couple, installed a freestanding igloo-like structure in their Barcelona home to create a winter-themed bedroom for their young daughter.
Photographed by Jose Hevia.